Environmental Control

As a  rule of thumb, you should control your environment to in the following ways:

  • Temperature: 24oC- 28oC (day/lights on) or 22oC – 23oC (night/lights off)
  • Humidity (RH): 70 – 85% (propagation), 65 – 75% (veg), 45 – 65% (flowering)
  • CO2 level: 1000ppm – 1200ppm for up to 40% faster growth

There are controllers that can help with these environmental requirements from single fan controllers, to all encompassing fan/humidity/co2 controller units here!

Details of how co2 affects plants can be found here. You may use co2 cannisters with a regulator and controller, or a simple co2 bag like these.

Details of relative humidity can be found here and our humidifiers can be found here, here and here.

Raising the temperature of an area is normally relatively easy. Use one of the heaters below, add HPS bulbs to the lighting array or simply turn your heating up!

Cooling your area is normally more tricky. You can use extractor fans with controllers or something a bit more meaty like the Top Climate.

Variispeed Fan Controller >

starting at £9.99

EC Fan Controller >

starting at £89.99

Ozone Generator >

starting at £34.99

Greenhouse Heater >

starting at £19.99

Greenhouse Heater 2KW >

starting at £39.99

Oil Filled Radiator 1KW >

starting at 38.99

Oil Filled Radiator 2KW >

starting at £54.99

Oil Free Radiator 2.5KW >

starting at £59.99

Pure Factory Humidifier >

starting at £39.99

Aircomfort >

starting at £29.99

Different types of system

Open System

The “open” or “ventilated” type of system described above certainly works, but it does have its disadvantages. Because the air is constantly being replaced, it can be difficult to maintain a particular relative humidity, or to increase the CO2 level in the air which can greatly increase plant growth rates. The air temperature and the relative humidity together create an effect called Vapour Pressure Deficit (or VPD for short). Getting the VPD level correct is one of the major keys to getting the most from your grow, and the CO2 level is one of the others. You can read more about VPD Here.

Closed System

In warmer parts of the world, something called “closed-loop systems” have gained enormous popularity, particularly with commercial growers. Closed-loop systems involve having a completely sealed grow-room. No air is extracted out to or drawn in from outside the sealed grow-space. Instead, the temperature is kept within the right range by a heater and an air-conditioning unit. Humidity is controlled by the use of dehumidifiers and humidifiers. Plus, with no air being drawn out or in, the use of CO2 supplementation becomes well-worthwhile. CO2 levels can be supplemented with a controller and a bottle: