This is by far the most important part of indoor cultivation. Understanding the plant, it’s needs and the different types of lighting and when to use it is key to a good crop.
- First of all, understanding the plant and it’s natural cycle is a good start. Information can be found here and here.
- Lighting for the vegetative cycle of your plant usually involve low power fluorescent bulbs like CFL (compact fluorescent light) or T5’s. These normally come with the fixtures to hang them but the CFL’s may need a reflector to screw into. Metal Halide, LED (Light Emitting Diode) and HPS (High Pressure Sodium) can also be used for vegging but small seedlings can get overwhelmed if the light is too strong. Click here and here for more information
- Lighting for the flower cycle of your plants usually involves high power HPS or LEDs . Basically an HPS bulb creates light using a ballast to send electricity through a gas. An LED creates light using a driver to send electricity though a semi conductor. Click here and here for more information.